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Toľko odborníkov pod jednou nodou sa len tak nevidí, takže to využijem:
Mohol by mi niekto vysvetli?, prečo sa krížnik volá krížnik? vďaka

 Barix      01.02.2006 - 18:55:47 (modif: 02.02.2006 - 00:11:52), level: 1, UP   NEW !!CONTENT CHANGED!!
Je to od slova Cruiser čo je anglicky nazov pre križnik znamenato že križuje,kedže križniky boli stavane na prepadanie obchodnych lodi čiže im križovali cestu....:)

 ___      10.10.2006 - 03:48:24 , level: 2, UP   NEW
musim Ta poopravit, to cruise alebo križovat z Holandskeho Kruiser znamená že sa loď križuje, teda plachetnica plaví proti vetru a nie že niekomu križuje cestu :)

 KAM:O)      04.02.2006 - 15:08:39 , level: 2, UP   NEW
Ehm .. sa ospravedlnujem.. som si v rychlosti zle precital otazku polozenu predtym... PEACE ;) kazdy sa raz prenahli ..
Ale aspon sme si vysvetlily ine veci :)))) . ;)
Preco sa napr. sa ten Kriznik vola Kirov a odkial sa beru mena takychto krasnych bariek. :o)

 KAM:O)      04.02.2006 - 15:02:09 , level: 2, UP   NEW
Preco potom existuje mesto Kirov?! A co tak spojenie mien Stalin a Kirov?
Pamataj : Rusi nikdy nemenovali svoje lode podla vyznamu .. ,ale podla vyznamnich ludi.

Kirov, Sergei (1886-1934)

Sergei Kirov was born in Urzhum, Russia, on 15th March, 1886. His parents died when he was young and he was brought up by his grandmother until he was seven when he was sent to an orphanage.

At the Kazan Technical School he became a Marxist and joined the Social Democratic Party in 1904. He took part in the 1905 Revolution in St. Petersburg. He was arrested but was released after three months in prison.

Kirov now joined the Bolshevik faction of the Social Democratic Party. He lived in Tomsk where he was involved in the printing of revolutionary literature. He also helped to organize a successful strike of railway workers.

In 1906 Kirov moved to Moscow but he was soon arrested for printing illegal literature. Several of his comrades were executed but he was sentenced to three years in prison. The prison had a good library and during his stay he took the opportunity to improve his education.

Kirov returned to revolutionary activity after his release and in 1915 he was once again arrested for printing illegal literature. After a year in custody he moved to the Caucasus where he stayed until the abdication of Nicholas II in March, 1917.

After the October Revolution Kirov was sent to fight the anti-Bolshevik forces in the Caucasus. He fought in the Red Army until the defeat of General Anton Denikin in 1920.

In 1921 Kirov was put in charge of the Azerbaijan party organization and the following year helped organize the Transcaucasian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic.

Kirov loyally supported Joseph Stalin and in 1926 he was rewarded by being appointed head of the Leningrad party organization. He joined the Politburo in 1930 and now one of the leading figures in the party, and many felt that he was being groomed for the future leadership of the party by Stalin.

In the summer of 1932 Joseph Stalin became aware that opposition to his policies were growing. Some party members were publicly criticizing Stalin and calling for the readmission of Leon Trotsky to the party. When the issue was discussed at the Politburo, Stalin demanded that the critics should be arrested and executed. Kirov, who up to this time had been a staunch Stalinist, argued against this policy. When the vote was taken, the majority of the Politburo supported Kirov against Stalin.

In the spring of 1934 Kirov put forward a policy of reconciliation. He argued that people should be released from prison who had opposed the government's policy on collective farms and industrialization. Once again, Joseph Stalin found himself in a minority in the Politburo.

After years of arranging for the removal of his opponents from the party, Joseph Stalin realized he still could not rely on the total support of the people whom he had replaced them with. Stalin no doubt began to wonder if Kirov was willing to wait for his mentor to die before becoming leader of the party. Stalin was particularly concerned by Kirov's willingness to argue with him in public. He feared that this would undermine his authority in the party.

As usual, that summer Kirov and Joseph Stalin went on holiday together. Stalin, who treated Kirov like a son, used this opportunity to try to persuade him to remain loyal to his leadership. Stalin asked him to leave Leningrad to join him in Moscow. Stalin wanted Kirov in a place where he could keep a close eye on him. When Kirov refused, Stalin knew he had lost control over his protégé.

Sergei Kirov was assassinated by a young party member, Leonid Nikolayev, on 1st December, 1934. Stalin claimed that Nikolayev was part of a larger conspiracy led by Leon Trotsky against the Soviet government. This resulted in the arrest and execution of Genrikh Yagoda, Lev Kamenev, Gregory Zinoviev, and fourteen other party members who had been critical of Stalin.

In The Granat Encyclopaedia of the Russian Revolution Kirov wrote:

The prison library was quite satisfactory, and in addition one was able to receive all the legal writings of the time. The only hindrances to study were the savage sentences of courts as a result of which tens of people were hanged. On many a night the solitary block of the Tomsk country prison echoed with condemned men shouting heart-rending farewells to life and their comrades as they were led away to execution. But in general, it was immeasurably easier to study in prison than as an underground militant at liberty.

 soviet      03.02.2006 - 17:27:54 , level: 2, UP   NEW
ďakujem, už mi to dáva celkom zmysel